This article will discuss geriatric therapy in general, therapeutic choices, the issue of depression in the elderly, beneficial activities, and helpful resources.
What Is Geriatric Therapy and How Does It Work?
Geriatrics is a discipline of medicine concerned with the issues and diseases associated with ageing, as well as the medical care and treatment of the elderly.
The psychological and emotional requirements of those over the age of 60 are the focus of geriatric mental health therapy. Geriatric mental health is a rapidly growing field that requires attention, since approximately one in every five older Americans suffers from at least one mental illness.
According to the World Health Organization (2017), about 15% of the world’s geriatric population suffers from a mental illness.
Deteriorating health and mobility, cognitive impairment, financial stress, chronic pain, elder abuse, and loneliness are all factors that contribute to the high rates of psychological issues among the elderly (WHO, 2017).
How Does Geriatric Therapy Work?
assisting the elderly Depression is one of the most common and serious mental health problems that the elderly encounter.
Djernes (2006), for example, reported the following in a study on the prevalence of depression among seniors:
- Depression rates in private households ranged from 0.9 percent to 9.4 percent.
- Depression rates ranged from 14 percent to 42 percent in institutional settings.
Lack of social contacts, somatic sickness, functional impairment, cognitive impairment, female gender, and a history of depression were all found to be predictors of geriatric depression (Djernes, 2006).
Aging and Geriatric Issues: What You Need to Know
While some seniors look forward to their “Golden Years,” anticipating retirement, grandkids, or just a new chapter in their lives, others fear the physical and mental impacts of ageing. If physical issues limit their mobility, it may be difficult for some seniors to make the transition to retirement, deal with new frailty or medical concerns, or find fun, meaningful activities. Some older persons may find it difficult to accept mortality, especially when friends, peers, wives, and lovers die away, and they may become isolated as a result of several such deaths.
Some older persons may be affected by ageism, or prejudice based on a person’s age, which can result in forced retirement or well-intentioned loved ones ignoring an older adult’s wants or beliefs. According to a United Nations Population Survey, 37% of persons over 60 had experienced age discrimination in the previous year, and 43% are terrified of personal assault. Only 49% of these adults said they were treated with respect, implying that little over half of those polled had encountered instances of disrespect.
Senior Stretches and Equipment
Geriatric physical therapy consists of a number of exercises that enhance strength, flexibility, endurance, and balance in order to aid in activities and movements while also preventing overall deconditioning. Typical exercises include:
- Lower body stretches, particularly for the lower back, hamstrings, and hip flexors, to improve mobility and joint alignment and prevent tight muscles or stiff joints from interfering with correct muscular activation.
- Cardiovascular equipment such as treadmills and stationary bikes are used in endurance training to keep the heart and lungs healthy and enhance circulation.
Body weight exercises are included in geriatric physical therapy to assist you improve your mobility. If equipment is utilised, it is normally limited to modest weights or bands to increase resistance without overworking joints.
Physical activity is beneficial to people of all ages, but it is especially vital for people over 65 to avoid deconditioning and preserve functional strength, endurance, and range of motion for daily tasks. In older individuals, a sedentary lifestyle (sitting or lying down for long periods of time) can swiftly lead to muscle atrophy, poor balance, chronic discomfort, decreased activity tolerance, and an increased risk of falling.
Adults aged 65 and up should attempt to undertake some form of physical activity every day, even if it’s only strolling about the house, cooking, or cleaning. At least two days a week, you should do exercises to improve your strength, balance, and flexibility.